Industrialisation

The period between the two wars still remains an historic era for Renault with a significant contrast between the 1920s and 1930s. Just after the First World War, Renault revolutionised its approach to motor cars by switching to mass-produced cars.

Revolutionising the motor car

To achieve this, it expanded the plants in Boulogne-Billancourt and set up huge assembly production line workshops in the heart of Île Seguin, thereby making it the biggest facility in France.

RENAULT TYPE II

RENAULT TYPE II

RENAULT TYPE JM

RENAULT TYPE JM

RENAULT 40 CV TYPE JV

RENAULT 40 CV TYPE JV

RENAULT JY TORPÉDO SKIFF

RENAULT JY TORPÉDO SKIFF

RENAULT 40 CV TYPE MC

RENAULT 40 CV TYPE MC

RENAULT SIX-WHEELER TYPE MH

RENAULT SIX-WHEELER TYPE MH

RENAULT 40 CV DES RECORDS

RENAULT 40 CV DES RECORDS

RENAULT TYPE LO FIRE ENGINE

RENAULT TYPE LO FIRE ENGINE

RENAULT TYPE NN1

RENAULT TYPE NN1

RENAULT TYPE NN

RENAULT TYPE NN

RENAULT TYPE PR

RENAULT TYPE PR

RENAULT MONASIX RY2

RENAULT MONASIX RY2

NERVASTELLA TG4 WITH BINDER COACHWORK

NERVASTELLA TG4 WITH BINDER COACHWORK

RENAULT TYPE KZ5

RENAULT TYPE KZ5

RENAULT REINASTELLA

RENAULT REINASTELLA

PRIMAQUATRE TYPE KZ8

PRIMAQUATRE TYPE KZ8

RENAULT VIVASTELLA

RENAULT VIVASTELLA

NERVASPORT DES RECORDS

NERVASPORT DES RECORDS

RENAULT CELTAQUATRE ADC1 COUPÉ

RENAULT CELTAQUATRE ADC1 COUPÉ

RENAULT CELTAQUATRE ZR2

RENAULT CELTAQUATRE ZR2

RENAULT VIVA GRAND SPORT

RENAULT VIVA GRAND SPORT

RENAULT NERVASPORT

RENAULT NERVASPORT

RENAULT CELTAQUATRE

RENAULT CELTAQUATRE

RENAULT JUVAQUATRE

RENAULT JUVAQUATRE

Viva Grand Sport

RENAULT VIVA GRAND SPORT COUPÉ

Economic challenges

While Renault managed to withstand the crisis of the 1930s, its success was short-lived: from 1936, the company was no longer profitable; it was unable to meet the growing demand for small cars, lost in a poorly structured diversification policy. The 1938 rearmament movement saved Renault from failing because it had not updated its strategy frequently enough.

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Democratisation of the motor car Dauphine

Democratisation of the motor car

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