Industrialisation

The period between the two wars still remains an historic era for Renault with a significant contrast between the 1920s and 1930s. Just after the First World War, Renault revolutionised its approach to motor cars by switching to mass-produced cars.

Revolutionising the motor car

To achieve this, it expanded the plants in Boulogne-Billancourt and set up huge assembly production line workshops in the heart of Île Seguin, thereby making it the biggest facility in France.

RENAULT TYPE II

RENAULT TYPE II

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RENAULT TYPE JM

RENAULT TYPE JM

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RENAULT 40 CV TYPE JV

RENAULT 40 CV TYPE JV

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RENAULT JY TORPÉDO SKIFF

RENAULT JY TORPÉDO SKIFF

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RENAULT 40 CV TYPE MC

RENAULT 40 CV TYPE MC

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RENAULT SIX-WHEELER TYPE MH

RENAULT SIX-WHEELER TYPE MH

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RENAULT 40 CV DES RECORDS

RENAULT 40 CV DES RECORDS

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RENAULT TYPE LO FIRE ENGINE

RENAULT TYPE LO FIRE ENGINE

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RENAULT TYPE NN1

RENAULT TYPE NN1

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RENAULT TYPE NN

RENAULT TYPE NN

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RENAULT TYPE PR

RENAULT TYPE PR

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RENAULT MONASIX RY2

RENAULT MONASIX RY2

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NERVASTELLA TG4 WITH BINDER COACHWORK

NERVASTELLA TG4 WITH BINDER COACHWORK

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RENAULT TYPE KZ5

RENAULT TYPE KZ5

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RENAULT REINASTELLA

RENAULT REINASTELLA

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PRIMAQUATRE TYPE KZ8

PRIMAQUATRE TYPE KZ8

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RENAULT VIVASTELLA

RENAULT VIVASTELLA

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NERVASPORT DES RECORDS

NERVASPORT DES RECORDS

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RENAULT CELTAQUATRE ADC1 COUPÉ

RENAULT CELTAQUATRE ADC1 COUPÉ

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RENAULT CELTAQUATRE ZR2

RENAULT CELTAQUATRE ZR2

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RENAULT VIVA GRAND SPORT

RENAULT VIVA GRAND SPORT

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RENAULT NERVASPORT

RENAULT NERVASPORT

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RENAULT CELTAQUATRE

RENAULT CELTAQUATRE

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RENAULT JUVAQUATRE

RENAULT JUVAQUATRE

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Viva Grand Sport

RENAULT VIVA GRAND SPORT COUPÉ

Economic challenges

While Renault managed to withstand the crisis of the 1930s, its success was short-lived: from 1936, the company was no longer profitable; it was unable to meet the growing demand for small cars, lost in a poorly structured diversification policy. The 1938 rearmament movement saved Renault from failing because it had not updated its strategy frequently enough.

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Democratisation of the motor car Dauphine

Democratisation of the motor car

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