In helping merchants and tradespeople resume normal business life, the 1,000 kg van symbolised France’s economic recovery after the Second World War.
The post-war era
France was struggling to rebuild after the Second World War, and the Pons plan set about determining needs and allocating tasks throughout French industry. Renault was one of the companies selected for the 1,000/1,400 kg programme, and presented its new model (christened “the 1,000 kg”) in 1945. Whereas Citroën’s Type H brought in front-wheel drive, the robust Renault model would stick with rear-wheel drive, and it would be powered by the sideways-mounted engine introduced ten years earlier on Primaquatre. The coachwork featured a wooden frame, and the radiator grille used the horizontal slats characteristic of Renault light commercial vehicles.
Robustness and functionality, above all
Large wheels and a short wheelbase made for nifty manoeuvrability, and the silhouette of the 1,000 kg soon became a very familiar sight on the roads of France, on bakers’ rounds and in marketplaces throughout the country. This very sturdy vehicle, known for tolerating overloads without flinching, would eventually change its name to Goélette. Very many versions were made, including a four-wheel-drive version. It was eventually superseded by Estafette, in 1959.
Model displayed: The vehicle displayed is a 206 E1 model which with a wooden structure covered with sheet metal. It is recognisable by its headlamps, set on either side of the radiator grille. Decorated in the colours of Barnier, a confectioner since 1885, this commercial vehicle was presented during the Saint Cloud Historic Festival in 2004.