RENAULT TYPE II

As Europe emerged from the ashes of the First World War, demand began to rise for a new, more accessible type of motor car. Renault Type II responded admirably.

RENAULT TYPE II on display

Rebuilding Europe

The motor vehicle would be instrumental in accelerating Europe’s resurrection in the wake of the First World War. Carmakers would have to adapt their models to address a much broader market, making them easier to drive, less expensive to buy and more robust. This would mean wide-scale changeover to mass production practices, a process that would take several years to complete at Renault’s Billancourt plant.

 

As if this monumental challenge were not enough, Louis Renault would also have to face up to a new rival: Citroën.

Increased competition

Renault’s initial response to changing market conditions came in 1919 with the 10 CV. This new entry-level model was mechanically straightforward, for easy maintenance, and designed to meet the broadest possible spectrum of motoring needs, in trade and tourism. It would enjoy a long and steady career, metamorphosing into the GS, then the IG, then the Type II in 1921. This longer variant featured an original transmission system, with a single rigid unit encompassing gearbox, transmission and drive axle.

 

Two years later, the Type II would give way to the famous KZ, and Renault would introduce a new entry-level car, the 6 CV KJ, as the next step in the unstoppable process of bringing motoring to the masses.

RENAULT TYPE II side view
RENAULT TYPE II black and white side view
RENAULT TYPE II side view black and white
RENAULT TYPE II black and white

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